Airplanes are certainly a remarkable feat of engineering. Man has figured out how to get over 100,000 pounds worth of metal up in the air and flying smoothly, but not without a little trial and error.

Also, over the past century, the components of an aircraft have evolved to make flights more efficient, safer, and faster.

The 5 main parts of an airplane include:

  1. Fuselage
  2. Wings
  3. Empennage
  4. Powerplant
  5. Landing Gear

Basically, understanding the functions of how these parts interact is the first step to understanding the principles of aerodynamics.

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FUSELAGE

Fuselage constitutes of passengers, cargo and flight crew. (Source: carbonfibre.com)

WINGS

The wing of an airplane has several features like flaps, aileron and fin. (Image courtesy stockadobe)

EMPENNAGE

It constitutes of elevator and rudder i.e. primary control surfaces. (Image courtesy stockadobe)

POWERPLANT

The engine produces THRUST or POWER, (source adobestock )

LANDING GEAR

  1. The landing gear is the undercarriage of an airplane. The landing gear supports the plane when it is on the ground.
  2. Landing gear also allows the plane to take off, land, and taxi without damage. Most landing gear have wheels. However, some aircraft use skis or floats to operate on snow, ice, or water.
  3. Faster aircraft, such as many twin-engine or jet aircraft, have retractable landing gear.
  4. Moreover, you cannot have a safe plane without having the landing gear.
  5. The landing gear includes shock absorbers for a smooth landing and takeoff as well as the wheels on the plane.
THE LANDING GEAR IS FOR THE PURPOSE OF LAND, TAKE OFF AND TAXI.

Parts and their functions in brief:

Let’s quickly summarise the functions of various parts of an airplane in a crisp manner:

All parts of an airplane are crucial for conducting safe flight. A huge responsibility pilots take on is making sure all aircraft components are in excellent condition before embarking on their flight journey.

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