If you have seen the planes at nights, you would have definitely had a thought of what those flashing lights mean ???
- 1 LIGHTS
- 2 Lets learn more about lights !
- 2.0.1 Firstly, THE LOGO LIGHTS –
- 2.0.2 Secondly, appears THE TAXI LIGHTS –
- 2.0.3 Next we have THE LANDING LIGHTS and runway turnoff lights –
- 2.0.4 As a result of which we need the flashing lights aka THE ANTI-COLLISSION LIGHTS , these blinking of the lights are easily perceived by the eye.
- 2.0.5 Further comes THE NAVIGATION LIGHTS –
- 2.0.6 Next we have ENGINE or WING INSPECTION LIGHTS –
- 2.0.7 And lastly Wheel well Lights:
Planes are equipped with a variety of lights that are used for navigation, safety, and to improve visibility during flight or when taxiing on the ground.
- The external lights on aircraft fall into two general categories.
- The first is navigation lights or beacons that are always illuminated while the aircraft is in operation.
- A second type includes takeoff and landing lights that are used to improve visibility when the plane is close to or on the ground.
Modern aircrafts use two basic types of exterior illumination.
- Lights that blink continuously: They are designed to captivate attention of the viewers. They have specific meanings too.( continue reading to know)
- Lights that are constantly on : Their main purpose is illumination. They are used for brightening the runways, highlighting the company logos, etc.
Lets learn more about lights !
Firstly, THE LOGO LIGHTS –
The logo lights are placed on the horizontal stabilisers. And they illuminate the airplane’s tail and the airline’s emblem. These lights are not required but are common on most commercial aircraft.
The lights are usually located on the surface of or at the tips of the horizontal stabilizer. The steady white lights are used to illuminate the company’s logo painted on the vertical tail.
While useful for advertising, the primary purpose of these lights is safety since the bright lights help to make the plane more visible.It’s various purposes include:
- They make the presence of the plane known in the dark.
- Promotion of the particular airline.
- ATC and pilots can visually identify the aircraft. ATC’s have many phrases like:
AFA739, give way to Air Berlin A320 moving from left to right of the taxiway .
It is always better to have a large light for logo illumination instead of many small lights.
Secondly, appears THE TAXI LIGHTS –
The taxi lights are located on the nose gear. They illuminate the taxiway ahead, making it visible for the pilots.
They are typically turned on whenever the aircraft is in motion on ground for greater visibility during taxi, takeoff and landing.
Next we have THE LANDING LIGHTS and runway turnoff lights –
These guiding lights are located below the fuselage or at the wing root or in some aircrafts on the nose gear. They are aimed so we can see the runway during takeoff and landing.
Unlike the landing lights which shine straight forward, the runway turnoff lights are designed to irradiate the runway exits, which are diagonal to the runway, allowing the pilots to see in the dark while steering the aircraft towards an exit. They are purposefully angled to the aircraft so that it projects high beams till long distances.
Bright white landing lights are usually fitted to most planes for enhanced visibility during the landing approach. These lights can also be used to illuminate the runway at poorly lit airports.
They are often required for night landings but also commonly used during the day as well to make the plane more noticeable. While the usage of these lights is common, their location can vary from plane to plane.
Landing lights may be located in the wing root, in the outboard wing, or somewhere along the forward fuselage.
Some aircraft are equipped with multiple sets of landing lights in more than one of these locations. The 737, for example, has inboard landing lights located in the wing root as well as outboard landing lights in the outboard flap fairings.
Although the plane is quite visible now but it is still difficult to spot the wings and fuselage.
There are two different sets of anti-collision lights on modern airways :
- THE WHITE STROBE LIGHTS :They intend to attract the attention of pilots on other aircraft, so they will keep a safe distance. However, the lights are powerful enough to shine through fog or thick clouds in bad weather. So, the “blinking” you see in the night sky are usually an aircraft’s strobe lights.
Consequently, these high-intensity, glaring lights are the brightest lights on the airplane. They are located at each end of the wings, and flash at specific intervals.
There is one more strobe light at the rear of the plane, near the APU exhaust. It blinks in unison with the other strobes.
If you are observant enough, you would have notice that on Boeing airplanes, these strobe lights will blink once. While on Airbuses, they will flash twice in rapid succession. That is because there is one strobe light on each wing of a Boeing plane, and two on every Airbus aircraft.
- RED COLORED BEAKONS : They flash at the top and bottom of the fuselage. In addition to alerting other pilots of the aircraft’s presence, the beacons help warn ground personnel that the plane’s engines are running, or that the engines are about to be started up, and so, the ground staff will know to stay clear of the aircraft.
The beacons are switched on when the airplane begins to reverse out of the gate, and they are only turned off after the plane has been parked at another gate and the engines have been shut off.
These lights are colored reddish orange and rotate to produce a flashing effect. The beacons are turned on just before the engines are started and they remain active until the last engine is shut down.
The beacons help to serve as a safety warning to ground personnel that the engines are operational.
All of the anti-collision lights are active, the white strobe lights and red beacons flash alternately, at a regular interval.
Further comes THE NAVIGATION LIGHTS –
In addition to the red and green lights, most planes are also fitted with other steady white navigation lights in various locations.
Large airliners, in particular, will often have such lighting on the trailing edge of each wingtip. These lights are also sometimes placed along the trailing edges of the horizontal tail.
Another popular location is at the very aft end of the fuselage or at the top of the vertical tail. One of these latter lights placed along the aircraft centerline is especially common on smaller airliners and commuter planes.
Whatever the location, the purpose of these steady white lights is to improve the plane’s visibility from behind the aircraft.
These set of lights are constantly on but aren’t meant to be used as illumination. The navigation lights show the position and orientation of the aircraft. They allow pilots and observers to determine the direction the airplane is facing.
They come in three colours:
- RED : located on the port side (left) of the aircraft’s wing at the leading tip,
- GREEN: located on the starboard side (right) of the aircraft’s wing at the leading tip, and
- WHITE: located at the tip of the trailing edges of each wing and at the rear end of the plane.
Next we have ENGINE or WING INSPECTION LIGHTS –
Many airliners feature lights along the root of the wing leading edge that can be used to illuminate the wing and engine pylons in flight.
These lights may be used to make the plane more visible during takeoff and landing or to inspect the wings for damage in flight.
Pilots can also use the wing lights to inspect the wings and slats for any ice accretion that might build up when flying through clouds.
They illuminate the wings and engines, allowing the flight maintenance personnel to check for any ice, frost build-up, snow or damage. The lights also improve visibility of the plane.
And lastly Wheel well Lights:
Some planes are equipped with additional lights in the nose and main gear wheel wells. These lights are provided primarily to assist ground personnel in making pre-flight inspections of a plane at night.
So, next time if you happen to get a window seat of a night flight, this is all u should definitely try to look for!!!
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